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Title: Appreciation of diversity and inclusion in Sub-Sahara Africa: The socioeconomic implications
Authors: Kofi Appiah, Akwasi Arko-Achemfuor
Olufemi Patrick Adeyeye
Keywords: diversity
Sub-Sahara Africa
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2018
Publisher: Cogent Social Science
Citation: diversity; inclusion; ethnicity; socioeconomics; Sub-Sahara Africa
Series/Report no.: Cogent Social Sciences 2018;4: 1521058
Abstract: Africa is one of the most diverse continents in the world. The diversity in Africa, especially sub-Sahara, is normally centered around culture, ethnicity, gender, religion, etc. However, commentators assert that people of African descent encounter similar challenges and therefore point to the need for integration to realize the full benefit of its diversity. The call from commentators comes on the heels of diversity’s critical impact on growth and development. Notable among these elements of diversity is ethnicity, which sometimes bring predicament to the continent in the form of ethnic conflicts among others. Diversity in Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) coupled with the advent of globalization puts pressure on societies as well as on organizations to appreciate its relevance due to the benefit derived when managed efficiently to ensure inclusion. A well-managed diverse environment fosters inclusion which can translate into growth and development. On the other hand, if diversity is improperly managed, it may have a detrimental effect on both societies and organizations. In the context of this article, ethnicity, which is one of the major drivers of diversity in SSA, is the main subject underlining the importance of diversity and inclusion. This article therefore argues that acknowledging and appreciating ethnicity is central to the creation of an inclusive society and organizations in SSA. Proper management of diversity undergirded by ethnicity have a positive correlation to socioeconomic growth and development.
Description: Diversity has been defined by scholars in different ways. A suitable description put forward by Daya (2014) portray diversity as the representation of all forms of visible and invisible differences including race, gender, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, education, class, rank, age, etc. O’Mara and Richter (2014, p. 1) also describes diversity as the “variety of differences and similarities or dimensions among people such as culture, nationality, education, personality type,” etc. In a more practical sense, diversity in the society or work groups is a tool for making quality decisions as well as producing superior creativity (Cunningham, 2008; Gruenfeld, Mannix, Williams, & Neale, 1996; Phillips, Mannix, Neale, & Gruenfeld, 2004), which enhance efficiency and productivity. Cox and Blake (1991) add that a properly managed diverse society or organization has a competitive advantage.
URI: http://repository.fuoye.edu.ng/handle/123456789/2237
ISSN: 4: 1521058

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