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|Title: ||A review of biological deterioration of library materials and possible control strategies in the tropics|
|Authors: ||Bankole, Olubanke M.|
|Keywords: ||Biological hazards|
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Citation: ||vii. Bankole, O.M. (2010). A review of biological deterioration of library materials and possible control strategies in the tropics. Library Review 59( 6):. 414-429, Emerald|
|Series/Report no.: ||DOI 10.1108/00242531011053931;|
|Abstract: ||Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the current state of research on the various
biological agents that could cause deterioration of paper materials and possible intervention
strategies against these biotic agents in the tropics.
Design/methodology/approach – Recent literature in the tropics is reviewed to gain insight into
the problems that confront libraries in the tropics as regards the biological deterioration of library
Findings – The paper identifies moulds as the most important biodeteriorating agents of library
materials. In addition to destroying, disfiguring and staining books, the moulds have been linked to
numerous adverse human health effects that fall into three categories: allergic, toxic and infectious.
The other biological agents include bacteria, insects and rodents. The important insects in tropical
environment are cockroaches and termites. The warm humid tropical conditions and dirty
environment trigger/promote biodeterioration processes and make book deterioration to be more
pronounced in the tropics than in the temperate regions.
Research limitations/implications – Physical visits to the libraries were not carried out and the
conclusions reached were based on evidence from scientific literature on the subject in the tropics.
Practical implications – A very useful source of information on how to curb the menace of
biological agents against the destruction of library materials in the tropics. These include training
programmes for library staff on conservation and preservation of library collections, the creation of
awareness on the issue among library users, the adoption of good house keeping practices and
modification of storage environment to make them unsuitable for the biodeteriogens. It is
recommended that libraries and archives in tropical countries should have preservation guidelines
and integrated pest management teams and should also cooperate with scientists in relevant
disciplines to be able to find lasting solutions to the problem of biodeterioration of library materials.|
|Description: ||This paper looks into the neglected area of biological deterioration of papers
which is the main information carrier in libraries. It provides very useful and practical suggestions
that libraries in the tropics could adopt to tackle the menace of biological agents.|
|Appears in Collections:||Library Publications|
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