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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.fuoye.edu.ng/handle/123456789/1097

Title: The antisnake venom activities of Parkia biglobosa (Mimosaceae) stem bark extract
Authors: Asuzu, I. U
Harvey, A.L.
Keywords: Snake venom; Plant extracts; Antidote; Cobra;
Viper; Neuromuscular
Issue Date: 6-Oct-2003
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Abstract: Snake bites in rural Nigeria are commonly treated with plant extracts. We have studied the ability of one such traditionally used plant (Parkia biglobosa; [Jacq.] Benth., Mimosaceae) to reduce the effects of two snake venoms (Naja nigricollis, and Echis ocellatus) in several experimental models. A water-methanol extract of P. biglobosa stem bark significantly ðp , 0:001Þ protected the chick biventer cervicis (cbc) muscle preparation from N. nigricollis venom-induced inhibition of neurally evoked twitches when it was added to the bath 3–5 min before or after the venom. The extract also reduced the loss of responses to acetylcholine (Ach), carbachol and KCl, which are normally blocked by N. nigricollis venom, and significantly reduced the contractures of the preparation induced by venom. P. biglobosa extract (75, 150 and 300 mg/ml) significantly ðp , 0:05Þ protected C 2 C murine muscle cells in culture against the cytotoxic effects of N. nigricollis and E. ocellatus venoms. The extract protected egg embryos exposed to lethal concentrations of E. ocellatus venom for more than 12 h and completely blocked the haemorrhagic activity of the venom at concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/1.5 ml. P. biglobosa extract (400 mg/kg) did not protect mice injected i.p. with 5 and 2.5 mg/kg of E. ocellatus and N. nigricollis venoms, respectively. It, however, protected 40% of the mice from death caused by E. ocellatus venom after the extract and venom were pre-incubated for 30 min before injecting the mixture. vc@fuoye.edu.ng
URI: http://repository.fuoye.edu.ng/handle/123456789/1097
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